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Earth Station Antenna

Earth station antenna satellite communications system integrators and designers can bring their systems online faster, more economically, and with superior performance. In use around the world in high-density data, voice, communications networks, and broadcast applications, it is uniquely formed dual reflector Ring-Focus coupled with close-tolerance manufacturing techniques. This combination provides extremely accurate surface contour, exceptionally high gain, superior efficiency, and closely controlled pattern characteristics.

As one of the most professional earth station antenna manufacturers in China, Dolphmicrowave provides earth station antenna with maximum durability and minimal maintenance. The hot-dipped galvanized steel ground mount assembly ensures extended earth station antenna life. Galvanized and stainless steel hardware of earth antenna maximize corrosion resistance. For cost-effective system expansion, available modular equipment options include anti-icing equipment and pressurization systems. Microprocessor Step track  Control and motorizable mount options are also available. Diameter and operational frequency range are various. Taking 9.0-meter Earth Station Antenna (ESA) as example.

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Earth Station Antenna Ordering Guide

Ordering Guide of Earth Station Antenna

  • Earth Station Antenna Compliances

  1. Antenna diameter: 2.4, 3.7, 4.5, 5.3, 6.3, 7.3 and more


  3. INTELSAT E-3, E-2, E-1, G

  4. FCC Regulation 25.209

  5. ITU-R, S.580-5 and S.465-5

  • Main Points when Looking for Earth Station Antenna

  1. Antenna type: Tx/Rx or Rx only

  2. Antenna feed: Back feed or prime focus

  3. Frequency range: Ku-band, C-band, Ka-band, dual band or others

  4. Polarization: Linear or circular

  5. Port: 2-port, 4-port or others

  6. Drive mode: Manual or motorized

  7. Tracking mode: Step or monopulse

Ground Station Antenna Datasheet

Technical Specifications
Feed ConfigurationX-Band (Military/WGS)C-BandKu-BandKa-Band
2 Port Feed2 Port Feed2 Port Feed2 Port Feed
Frequency RangeGHz7.25–7.757.9–8.43.4-4.25.85-6.72510.7-12.7513.75-14.517.7-21.2GHz27.5-31GHz
Mid-Band GaindBi55.8156.2149.6653.2459.4260.3562.966.1
VSWR Performance
3dB Beam Widthdeg0.290.270.570.360.
Axial ratiodB1.

Antenna Noise Temperature

10 Degrees ElevationKelvin45
20 Degrees ElevationKelvin38
Typical G/T @ 10 DegreesdB/K27.2
Tx Power CapabilityWatts
Port to Port Isolation
Cross-pol on AxisdB23.323.3353535352830.7
Cross-pol across 1dB Beam widthdB


Radiation Pattern Compliance
MIL - STD - 188-164A, DSCSFCC 25.209, ITU-R S.580-6,FCC 25.209, ITU-R S.580-6,FCC 25.209, ITU-R S.580-6,
First sidelobedBi≤ -14 dB≤ -14 dB≤ -14 dB≤ -14 dB
Sidelobe EnvelopedBi29 - 25 log    (1°≤θ<20°)29 - 25 log    (1°≤θ<20°)29 - 25 log    (1°≤θ<20°)29 - 25 log    (1°≤θ<20°)
Insertion LossdB0.
Feed Interface

Antenna Diameter9.0 meters (29.6 feet)
RF ConfigurationCompact Cassegrain design
Reflector PanelsDual Reflector, 16 precision-formed aluminum panels with heat-diffusing white paint, Cleaned and brightened aluminum back-up structure
Mount ConfigurationElevation over Azimuth Tripod, or Pedestal, Hot Dipped Galvanized After A36 Steel Fabrication,
Surface Accuracy (RMS)0.35 mm
Hub Dimensions
Antenna FoundationReinforced Concrete Foundation, or
Foundation (L x W x D)
Reinforcing Steel
510 kg
Drive TypeManual / Motorized jack screw
Azimuth Travel360° Continuous, 40° fine adjustment,  Including Az Angle Adjustment Mark,
Elevation Travel0 to 90° Continuous, Mechanical Screw Jack Self Locking,  Including El Angle Adjustment Mark,
Polarization Travel±360°
Rx & Tx cables2 RG 6 cables - 10 m (33 ft) each
Tx Axis transitionRotary joints, Crossover Waveguides, Twist-Flex Waveguide,
Total Weight1620KG (Not including amplifier, LNB, packing and attachment, etc.)
Crate DimensionsTotal volume: 10.9CBM
Shiping Case4 Case, Seaworthy Packing ISPM 15,
Units/40 ft ContainerOne 20 ft standard (4 units in one 40 ft)

Operational Wind45 mph (72 km/h) gusting to 60 mph (97 km/h), High Wind options available
Wind speed (with fastening anchors),125 mph (200 km/h) @ 58° F (15° C),
Operational Temperature+5F to +122F (-15C to +50C), Low Temperature Options Available
Survival Temperature-22F to +140F (-30C to +60C),
Relative Humidity100%
RainUp to 4 in/h (10 cm/h)
Solar Radiation360 BTU/hr./ft∧2 (1000 Kcal/hr./m∧2)
IceOperational: .5 in, (2.5 cm) radial, Survival: 1 in,(2.5 cm) radial
Atmospheric ConditionsAs encountered in coastal regions and/or heavily industrialized areas
Shock and VibrationAs encountered during shipment by airplane, ship or truck

Dish & Parabolic Reflector Antenna Design Diagram

Parabolic Reflector antenna is widely used reflector antenna which according to the structure composition of the microwave photo-like searchlight. Ground station antenna consists reflector, feed system and kingpost. Normally, feed is assembled on focus of reflector.

The reflector curve of earth station antenna is based on parabolic definition and equation. The main parameter of parabolic antenna for sale  is focus, diameter and max half  field angle. In order to discuss the radiation field and directivity of parabolic antenna, the exit path field must be calculated firstly. 

When transmitting, the signal radiates from the feed to the paraboloid, and then radiates into the air after reflecting from the paraboloid. Since the feed is located at the focus of the paraboloid, the radio wave is reflected by the paraboloid and radiated in parallel along the normal direction of the paraboloid. When receiving, after reflected by the reflecting surface, the radio wave converges to the feed source, and the feed source can receive the maximum signal energy.

When high frequency current is applied to the conductor, electric and magnetic fields will be generated in the surrounding space. According to the distribution characteristics of electromagnetic field in space, it can be divided into near zone, middle zone and far zone. Let R be the distance from a point in space to the conductor. When the length L of the conductor is far less than the wavelength, the radiation is very weak; When the length L of the wire is increased to be comparable with the wave length, the current on the wire will be greatly increased, thus forming strong radiation.

diagram of earth station antenna 1
diagram of earth station antenna 2

Ground Station Antenna Features

  • High-Accuracy, Aluminum Draw Die Formed Reflector Panels, Self-Aligning Main Reflector.

  • High Gain, Excellent Pattern Characteristics, Ring-Focus Optics.

  • C-, X-, Ku-, or K-Band Capabilities, Field Changeable Feed System, C-Band, circular to linear.

  • Fixed or motorizable pedestals, Antenna control system with tracking.

  • Reflector and feed deicing systems, Load frame or non-penetrating mounts.

  • 125 mph (200 km/h) Wind Survival in any Position, High Wind (180 mph - 288 km/h) Option.

  • Low Transportation Costs,Installation Without a Crane.

  • Packing for sea and air transport, Turnkey installation and testing.

  • 3-Year Warranty on All Structural Components.

Ground Station Antenna Features

Earth Station Antenna Types

Earth Station Antenna Types

The main function of earth station antenna is to collect the weak radio signals emitted by the satellite and send the radio signals containing control commands and data to the satellite, and to remove the clutter signal as much as possible; in general, the larger the satellite ground station antenna diameter, the stronger the signal, The better the reception quality.

The satellite ground antenna widely use included single reflector as prime focus type and dual-reflector antennas (main reflector and sub-reflector). Common dual-reflector antennas include Cassegrain antenna, Gregorian antenna, and ring focus antenna.

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No.333, Xingtai South Road, Weiyang Zone, Xi'an, China +86-2988810979